3 Things To Know About Melanoma—And 2 Things That Could Save Your Life

Melanoma is​the most common form of cancer and the leading cause of cancer deaths in young women ages 25-30 and​the secondleading cause forwomen 30-35. It often goes undetected and treated late due tolack ofawareness.

According to the Mayo Clinic,​melanoma, the most serious type of skin cancer, develops in the cells (melanocytes) that produce melanin — the pigment that gives your skin its color. Melanoma can also form in your eyes and, rarely, inside your body, such as in your nose or throat.

Many myths surround melanoma leadingtosome patientsbeing treated too late, including:it doesn’t occur in dark skin (false), it only affects older people (false), and tanning beds are safer than sun (false). If you or someone you know has melanoma or a history of cancer, it is always go to stay up to date with your doctor on the latest treats. Research institutions do clinical trials, such as this one, regularly to advance treatments.

Here are three things you need to know about melanoma.

You can develop melanoma without havingsun damage

Staying safe in the sun and not using tanning beds are two of the best ways to prevent melanoma. That said, around 30% of melanoma is not related to the sun or other UV exposure.Many factors(such as?)expose you to the harmful UV rays that can cause melanoma and other skin cancers. You also need protection during cloudy and snowy days.

Most melanoma does not start in a pre-existing mole

Melanoma can develop in a preexisting mole, but the American Academy of Dermatology saysless than one-third of melanomas arise from existing moles, while the vast majority appear on the skin as new spots, a study has found.Rather, they occur in normal skin.

melanoma
Photo by Jesse Schoff via Unsplash

Some melanoma can be colorless

Amelanotic melanomas are missing the dark pigment melanin that gives most moles their color. These melanomas may be pinkish, reddish, white, the color of your skin or even clear and colorless, making them difficult to recognize.

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What can you do to help yourself and others who might have melanoma?

Consider being part of a melanoma study

Medical organization due clinical trials like this ONE that pay patients to have find or refine treatments.

Have your doctor check you out on a regular basis

Melanoma is easily treated if caught early, but it can spread to the liver, brain, bone, and gastrointestinal tract if detected when it’s in advanced stages. As part of your annual physical, have your doctor check you out.

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Most of all, use sunscreen and wear sunglasses around the sensitive areas around your eyes.

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